ERIC Number: EJ1004644
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
The Role of Native Language Phonology in the Production of L2 Contrasts
Eckman, Fred; Iverson, Gregory K.
Studies in Second Language Acquisition, v35 n1 p67-92 Mar 2013
We present findings of an investigation into the acquisition of the English /s/-/esh/ contrast by native speakers of Korean and Japanese. Both of these languages have the phones [s] and [esh], and both languages exhibit a pattern--or motivate a rule--whereby /s/ is realized as [esh] before the vowel [i] and the glide [j]--that is, high front vocoids. The crucial difference, and the focus of this study, is that in Korean [s] and [esh] are allophones of /s/, whereas in Japanese the two sounds arguably instantiate different phonemes. We present production data showing that the differences in the functioning of [s] and [esh] in the second language learner's native language have different consequences for the acquisition patterns and the error types produced in the learning of this contrast.
Descriptors: Native Speakers, English (Second Language), Phonology, Phonemes, Native Language, Japanese, Korean, Language Patterns, Role, Second Language Learning, Vowels, Pronunciation, Transfer of Training
Cambridge University Press. The Edinburgh Building, Shaftesbury Road, Cambridge, CB2 8RU, UK. Tel: 800-872-7423; Tel: 845-353-7500; Tel: +44-1223-326070; Fax: 845-353-4141; Fax: +44-1223-325150; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://www.cambridge.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A