ERIC Number: EJ1004644
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
The Role of Native Language Phonology in the Production of L2 Contrasts
Eckman, Fred; Iverson, Gregory K.
Studies in Second Language Acquisition, v35 n1 p67-92 Mar 2013
We present findings of an investigation into the acquisition of the English /s/-/esh/ contrast by native speakers of Korean and Japanese. Both of these languages have the phones [s] and [esh], and both languages exhibit a pattern--or motivate a rule--whereby /s/ is realized as [esh] before the vowel [i] and the glide [j]--that is, high front vocoids. The crucial difference, and the focus of this study, is that in Korean [s] and [esh] are allophones of /s/, whereas in Japanese the two sounds arguably instantiate different phonemes. We present production data showing that the differences in the functioning of [s] and [esh] in the second language learner's native language have different consequences for the acquisition patterns and the error types produced in the learning of this contrast.
Descriptors: Native Speakers, English (Second Language), Phonology, Phonemes, Native Language, Japanese, Korean, Language Patterns, Role, Second Language Learning, Vowels, Pronunciation, Transfer of Training
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
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