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ERIC Number: EJ1004621
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 20
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0030-9230
"Forging the Fatherland": Work and Vocational Education in Argentina during Peronism (1944-1955)
Oelsner, Veronica
Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, v49 n3 p382-401 2013
This article focuses on the reforms in the field of vocational education, as well as on representations related to work, in Argentina during Peron's political leadership. In the framework of far-reaching economic reforms and social transformations, while in the position of secretary of labour (1943-1945) Peron started a vocational education system, which grew notably during his presidency (1946-1952 and 1952-1955). At the same time, his government not only defined the worker as the protagonist of its policy but deliberately constructed and broadly disseminated positive representations of manual work, the worker, the apprentice and his training that were aimed at replacing older ones. After Peron's overthrow in 1955, the succeeding governments brought the political centrality of the worker to an end and repressed all symbology related to him. In the following years, the vocational education system created during the Peronist era gradually fell apart. This article analyses the relationship between these phenomena. It assumes that vocational education is not just shaped by economic demands or technological development. It rather believes that, as the analysis of the Peronist case shows, social representations related to work and education can also play an important role, supporting, hindering or impeding the establishment or development of specific vocational education models. (Contains 6 figures, 1 table and 84 footnotes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Argentina