ERIC Number: EJ1004620
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 9
The Impact of Supervision on Internal Medicine Residents' Attitudes and Management of Depression in Primary Care: A Pilot Study
Milone, Jennifer M.; Gottumukkala, Aruna; Ward, Christopher P.; York, Kaki M.
Academic Psychiatry, v37 n2 p94-97 Mar 2013
Objective: The authors examined the effect of supervision on internal medicine residents' attitudes toward and management of depression. Method: Internal medicine residents completed a survey during preclinical conferences. The survey included a published, validated questionnaire, the Depression Attitude Questionnaire, and items developed by the researchers. Results: Of residents in attendance on the day of survey administration, 94% (51/54) agreed to participate. The study sample contained 39% of the 139-member residency program. About half (49%) reported feeling uncomfortable managing depression. Perceived training adequacy was correlated with a greater feeling of ease managing depression. Most residents reported screening [less than or equal to]20% of patients for depression, although 71% indicated they are more likely to screen if it were a priority for their supervisor. Fifty-eight percent indicated that supervisors' attitudes affect their own attitudes. However, significant correlations between supervisor and resident attitudes were not observed. Conclusion: The results of this pilot study suggest that supervision can encourage screening and promote resident preparedness to manage depression.
Descriptors: Measures (Individuals), Depression (Psychology), Patients, Internal Medicine, Graduate Medical Education, Supervisors, Primary Health Care, Medical Students, Therapy, Surveys, Student Attitudes, Screening Tests, Correlation, Supervisor Supervisee Relationship
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A