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ERIC Number: EJ1004599
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 23
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0030-9230
Screens of Disorder: English Cinema's Representation of Teachers' Responses to Challenges to Their Authority in the 1960s
Coman, Paul Edmund
Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, v49 n3 p402-424 2013
Change across wider English society in the 1960s was characterised by a managed and relatively consensual social liberalism. There was a discernible cultural shift toward greater personal and sexual freedom. Within education in England, a revisionist approach sought to extend traditional education to a wider constituency, in particular incorporating the sometimes disaffected and unskilled working class. This context presented new challenges for 1960s teachers in their relationships with pupils. Through the 1950s and 1960s, English cinema portrayed England's changing teacher-pupil relations. This article examines the nature of change in teacher-pupil relations, with particular regard to its impact upon teachers' authority. English cinema's representation is located within English societal change in the 1960s in relation to youth culture, education and attitudes to authority. Several themes are identified. Teacher status appeared to contribute rather less to 1960s teachers' authority and teachers' personalities rather more. 1960s teacher-pupil relations were somewhat volatile. Relationships began to take place beyond the school gates. Films depicted greater diversity in teachers' strategies to maintain their authority, with some teachers making concessions to pupils to preserve harmonious relations. A more prominent approach was teachers' still more firm imposition of traditional discipline, attempting to hold back the tide of increased pupil hostility in classrooms, which more frequently featured the particular challenges posed by girls. The analysis has relevance beyond England and beyond the 1960s. It explores the variety and fragility of teacher authority, highlights the pressure that maintaining discipline places upon individual teachers and recognises the appeal of classroom conservatism. (Contains 123 footnotes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (England)