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ERIC Number: EJ1004479
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 22
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 37
ISSN: ISSN-1923-6182
Living outside the Gender Binary: A Phenomenological Exploration into the Lived Experience of Female Masculinity
Claire, Carolyn A.; Alderson, Kevin G.
Canadian Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy, v47 n1 p49-70 2013
Individuals who express nonconforming gender identities challenge the dominant discourse in Western society, where the biological and reproductive sexed body is emphasized as the essential determinant of one's gender identity. The purpose of this study was to explore and gain understanding of the experiences of female masculinity. Participants who have come to accept and express masculinity as an integral part of their gender identities were interviewed. Through the exploration of the participants' experiences and reflections, 5 themes with 21 subthemes were identified that illuminate how the participants have maintained their nonconforming gender expressions despite considerable pressure to conform to gender norms. Implications for both research and counselling practice are discussed. (Contains 2 tables.)
Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association. 223 Colonnade Road South Suite 114, Ottawa, ON K2E 7K3, Canada. Tel: 877-765-5565; Tel: 613-237-1099; Fax: 613-237-9786; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A