ERIC Number: EJ1004466
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Jun
Reference Count: 0
Why Have Educational Disparities in Mortality Increased among White Women in the United States?
Montez, Jennifer Karas; Zajacova, Anna
Journal of Health and Social Behavior, v54 n2 p165 Jun 2013
Since the mid-1980s differences in mortality risk across education levels have widened considerably among non-Hispanic white women. For example, while mortality has "declined" among college-educated women, it has remained fairly "stable" among women with a high school credential or some college education and "increased" among women without a high school credential. The reasons for the growing mortality gap are poorly understood. The authors investigated whether the widening gap reflected a growing importance of educational attainment for economic well-being (e.g., employment, income), psychosocial resources (e.g., marriage, mental health), or health behaviors, such as avoiding tobacco and maintaining a healthy body weight. Key findings are presented and policy implications are discussed.
Descriptors: Females, Credentials, Educational Attainment, Health Behavior, Well Being, Whites, Body Weight, Racial Differences, Mortality Rate, Risk, Income, Smoking, Educational Policy
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A