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ERIC Number: EJ1004256
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Jul
Pages: 20
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 66
ISSN: ISSN-0922-4777
The Role of Letters and Syllables in Typical and Dysfluent Reading in a Transparent Orthography
Hautala, Jarkko; Aro, Mikko; Eklund, Kenneth; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Lyytinen, Heikki
Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, v26 n6 p845-864 Jul 2013
The role of letters and syllables in typical and dysfluent second grade reading in Finnish, a transparent orthography, was assessed by lexical decision and naming tasks. Typical readers did not show reliable word length effects in lexical decision, suggesting establishment of parallel letter processing. However, there were small effects of word syllable structure in both tasks suggesting the presence of some sublexical processing also. Dysfluent readers showed large word length effects in both tasks indicating decoding at the letter-phoneme level. When lexical access was required in a lexical decision task, dyslexics additionally chunked the letters into syllables. Response duration measure revealed that dysfluent readers even sounded out the words in phoneme-by-phoneme fashion, depending on the task difficulty. This letter-by-letter decoding is enabled by the transparent orthography and promoted by Finnish reading education.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 2
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A