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ERIC Number: EJ1004156
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Jun
Pages: 18
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 63
ISSN: ISSN-0926-7220
Romulo de Carvalho's Humanistic Chemistry Syllabus in the 1948 Portuguese Liceal Reform
Galamba, Arthur
Science & Education, v22 n6 p1519-1536 Jun 2013
This paper scrutinizes the contribution of Romulo de Carvalho to the development of the Portuguese science curriculum, arguing that it was critically informed by his lifetime inclination to the humanities. It focuses on a particular historical event: the 1948 chemistry programme for the secondary school "Liceus". The paper briefly reviews the educational situation during Salazarism, and how Carvalho and others worked against Salazar's anti-liberal idealism. The concept of humanistic science education is also reviewed. The article provides a general overview of Carvalho's activities in poetry, the history of science, and in education, and argues that the work of this multifaceted man was geared towards the need for context and meaningfulness in ordinary human life. In 1948, a shift in chemistry teaching is identified, from one that is less meaningful to students' everyday lives to one that is more humanistic in nature. This shift, introduced by Carvalho, brought about radical measures such as the controversial suppression of chemical equations and concepts. The article also provides an account of Carvalho's rationale for such changes and concludes with a discussion of the significance of the reform for Carvalho and for Portuguese science education.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Portugal