ERIC Number: EJ1004111
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 10
Brief Report: Incidence of Ophthalmologic Disorders in Children with Autism
Ikeda, Jamie; Davitt, Bradley V.; Ultmann, Monica; Maxim, Rolanda; Cruz, Oscar A.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v43 n6 p1447-1451 Jun 2013
Purpose: To determine the incidence of ophthalmologic disorders in children with autism and related disorders. Design: Retrospective chart review. Four hundred and seven children diagnosed with autism or a related disorder between 1998 and 2006. One hundred and fifty-four of these children completed a comprehensive ophthalmology exam by a pediatric ophthalmologist. Results: Ophthalmologic pathology was found in 40% of patients with autism or a related disorder with 29% having significant refractive errors, 21% demonstrating strabismus, and 10% having amblyopia. Conclusions: Children with autism or a related disorder will frequently have an ophthalmologic abnormality. Since cooperation with vision screening is understandably limited in these children, a comprehensive eye examination by a pediatric ophthalmologist is recommended for all such children.
Descriptors: Pathology, Autism, Incidence, Vision Tests, Patients, Ophthalmology, Evaluation Methods, Visual Impairments, Physicians, Pediatrics, Children
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A