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ERIC Number: EJ1004072
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Feb
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 57
ISSN: ISSN-0265-6590
Lexical Choice and Language Selection in Bilingual Preschoolers
Greene, Kai J.; Pena, Elizabeth D.; Bedore, Lisa M.
Child Language Teaching and Therapy, v29 n1 p27-39 Feb 2013
This study examined single-word code-mixing produced by bilingual preschoolers in order to better understand lexical choice patterns in each language. Analysis included item-level code-mixed responses of 606 five-year-old children. Per parent report, children were separated by language dominance based on language exposure and use. Children were assigned to a no-risk or at-risk for language impairment group based on individual performance from an English-Spanish screening battery. Data analysis compared the prevalence, frequency, and accuracy of code-mixed responses on expressive semantic items across participants' language dominance and risk status. Language dominance and risk status impacted children's code-mixing patterns. The correct number of code-mixed responses on the English screener was influenced by risk status, whereas language dominance determined the number of correct code-mixed answers on the Spanish screener. Lexical choice and language selection depend on linguistic knowledge and skill. During this emergent stage of bilingualism, preschoolers demonstrate the use of code-mixing as a compensatory strategy to fill lexical gaps. Consistent with previous studies, findings indicate that code-mixing necessitates linguistic competence in more than one language. (Contains 3 tables and 3 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Preschool Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A