ERIC Number: EJ1003991
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Structural and Dialectal Characteristics of the Fictional and Personal Narratives of School-Age African American Children
Mills, Monique T.; Watkins, Ruth V.; Washington, Julie A.
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, v44 n2 p211-223 Apr 2013
Purpose: To report preliminary comparisons of developing structural and dialectal characteristics associated with fictional and personal narratives in school-age African American children. Method: Forty-three children, Grades 2-5, generated a fictional narrative and a personal narrative in response to a wordless-book elicitation task and a story-prompt task, respectively. Narratives produced in these 2 contexts were characterized for macrostructure, microstructure, and dialect density. Differences across narrative type and grade level were examined. Results: Statistically significant differences between the 2 types of narratives were found for both macrostructure and microstructure but not for dialect density. There were no grade-related differences in macrostructure, microstructure, or dialect density. Conclusion: The results demonstrate the complementary role of fictional and personal narratives for describing young children's narrative skills. Use of both types of narrative tasks and descriptions of both macrostructure and microstructure may be particularly useful for characterizing the narrative abilities of young school-age African American children, for whom culture-fair methods are scarce. Further study of additional dialect groups is warranted.
Descriptors: African American Children, Elementary School Students, Fiction, Personal Narratives, Grade 2, Grade 3, Grade 4, Grade 5, Dialects, Differences
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA). 10801 Rockville Pike, Rockville, MD 20852. Tel: 800-638-8255; Fax: 301-571-0457; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://lshss.asha.org/
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 2; Grade 3; Grade 4; Grade 5
Authoring Institution: N/A