NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
ERIC Number: EJ1003962
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 6
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 5
ISSN: ISSN-1040-1350
A Unique Perspective on the Emotional Needs of Gifted Students: Dabrowski's Overexcitabilities
Novak, Angela
Understanding Our Gifted, v25 n2 p20-25 Win 2013
Overexcitabilities (OEs) are part of a larger theory, the Theory of Positive Disintegration (TPD), postulated by Polish World War I and II survivor Kazimierz Dabrowski. Simply put, an OE is a stimulus-response that is different from the norm; it is a heightened ability to both receive and respond to stimuli. Originally translated as superstimulatabilities, Dabrowski described OEs as "expressed in increased sensitivity, awareness and intensity...As a result a person endowed with different forms of overexcitability reacts with surprise, puzzlement to many things, he collides with things, persons and events which in turn brings him astonishment and disquietude" (Dabrowski, 1964, p. 7). Dabrowski identified 5 OEs: (1) psychomotor; (2) sensual; (3) intellectual; (4) imaginational; and (5) emotional. Not all children with overexcitabilities are gifted, and not all gifted children have overexcitabilities; however, there is a strong correlation between the two. Gifted individuals often show tendencies towards several OEs, and it is often in the combination of OEs that there are trends. For example, an artist is likely to have high emotional and imaginational OEs, whereas a scientist may be more likely to display intellectual and psychomotor OEs. Teachers and parents may find that teaching strategies and coping skills to children with OE may help the children to adjust to their classroom environment.
AppleCore Communications. P.O. Box 40, Tamworth, NH 03886. Tel: 603-662-8252; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A