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ERIC Number: EJ1003950
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 32
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 91
ISSN: ISSN-1938-0399
The Use of Play Materials in Early Intervention: The Dilemma of Poverty
Nwokah, Eva; Hsu, Hui-Chin; Gulker, Hope
American Journal of Play, v5 n2 p187-218 Win 2013
Play is a major component of early intervention for infants and toddlers with special needs. Many of these children are from low-income families with limited resources. The authors investigate the attitudes, practices, and concerns of early-intervention providers (professionals whose services support young children with developmental disabilities and delay) concerning their use of toys in their work and their worries about poor youngsters without such playthings. The authors' survey of 320 early-intervention providers revealed that nearly all took play materials with them into the homes of some children but most of them also used items already present there. More than 80 percent of providers gave toys to their clients because of their concern that the family's poverty made toys scarce. As a group, physical therapists and occupational therapists were significantly less likely to use play materials they took into the homes. Most significantly, perhaps, all providers found that poverty increased the need for related therapist services, for educating parents about play, and for using play materials in therapy. (Contains 4 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Early Childhood Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A