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ERIC Number: EJ1003795
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 6
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0037-7724
Case Study of Chinese Exclusion Act Enforcement
Dufour, Joanne, Comp.
Social Education, v76 n6 p306-311 Nov-Dec 2012
While nearly 85 percent of the U.S. population is currently made up of immigrants and their descendants, some groups were specifically targeted for exclusion and deliberately expelled. The Chinese were the first to experience this. In the 1850s, many Chinese who came to this land to search for gold or to help build the transcontinental railroad, stayed on, moved to cities, and opened small businesses--shops, laundries, and restaurants. This article will explore the case of Yee Ling Wing (hereafter called Ling)--who came to the United States in the early 1880s--and his efforts to bring his family to the United States in 1909. During Ling's time in the United States, an economic recession in the 1870s led some to blame the Chinese for taking their jobs or working for low wages. Resentment grew as conditions worsened and in 1882 Congress passed the first Chinese Exclusion Act, no longer allowing the immigration of laborers from China. This act targeted Chinese as one of the ethnic groups specifically excluded from immigration by national law. It was amended 12 times, tightening up the restrictions for Chinese immigration and expanding criteria for deportation with each edition. As further information will show, some communities turned to very violent means to expel their Chinese neighbors. This article highlights the effects of the Exclusion Act for Chinese immigrants in 1909 and offers lesson suggestions. (Contains 13 notes.)
National Council for the Social Studies. 8555 Sixteenth Street #500, Silver Spring, MD 20910. Tel: 800-683-0812; Tel: 301-588-1800; Fax: 301-588-2049; e-mail: membership@ncss.org; Web site: http://www.socialstudies.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A