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ERIC Number: EJ1003413
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Jan
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0891-4222
Spatial-Simultaneous and Spatial-Sequential Working Memory in Individuals with Down Syndrome: The Effect of Configuration
Carretti, Barbara; Lanfranchi, Silvia; Mammarella, Irene C.
Research in Developmental Disabilities: A Multidisciplinary Journal, v34 n1 p669-675 Jan 2013
Earlier research showed that visuospatial working memory (VSWM) is better preserved in Down syndrome (DS) than verbal WM. Some differences emerged, however, when VSWM performance was broken down into its various components, and more recent studies revealed that the spatial-simultaneous component of VSWM is more impaired than the spatial-sequential one. The difficulty of managing more than one item at a time is also evident when the information to be recalled is structured. To further analyze this issue, we investigated the advantage of material being structured in spatial-simultaneous and spatial-sequential tasks by comparing the performance of a group of individuals with DS and a group of typically-developing children matched for mental age. Both groups were presented with VSWM tasks in which both the presentation format (simultaneous vs. sequential) and the type of configuration (pattern vs. random) were manipulated. Findings indicated that individuals with DS took less advantage of the pattern configuration in the spatial-simultaneous task than TD children; in contrast, the two groups' performance did not differ in the pattern configuration of the spatial-sequential task. Taken together, these results confirmed difficulties relating to the spatial-simultaneous component of VSWM in individuals with DS, supporting the importance of distinguishing between different components within this system. The findings are discussed in terms of factors influencing this specific deficit. (Contains 1 table and 3 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A