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ERIC Number: EJ1003406
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Jan
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0891-4222
The Role of Linguistic Context in Deriving Word Meanings in Individuals with Down Syndrome
Roch, Maja; Florit, Elena; Levorato, Chiara
Research in Developmental Disabilities: A Multidisciplinary Journal, v34 n1 p605-615 Jan 2013
Deriving the meaning of unknown words from context and its relationship to text comprehension was investigated in 24 individuals with Down syndrome and in 24 typically developing children matched for the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (PPVT) score. The study consisted of three phases. Unknown words were identified during the first phase (PPVT). Those words were presented embedded in brief linguistic contexts during the second phase. Recognition (maintenance) of word meanings was verified in the third and final phase. Both groups of participants recognized the meanings of a noteworthy number of words in contexts and a high percentage of these was maintained when they were presented at a later date without the support of context. Over and above group differences and basic linguistic skills, text comprehension seems to predict the ability to use context. Context provides the semantic information necessary to extract word meaning by activating relevant world knowledge. (Contains 4 tables.)
Elsevier. 3251 Riverport Lane, Maryland Heights, MO 63043. Tel: 800-325-4177; Tel: 314-447-8000; Fax: 314-447-8033; e-mail: JournalCustomerService-usa@elsevier.com; Web site: http://www.elsevier.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test