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ERIC Number: EJ1002521
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 29
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0033-2933
The Association between Delay Discounting and Schizotypal Personality Characteristics in a Nonclinical Sample
Weatherly, Jeffrey N.
Psychological Record, v62 n3 p529-540 Sum 2012
Immediacy theory of schizophrenia posits that the behavior of individuals with schizophrenia is controlled to a greater degree by stimuli in the current environment relative to individuals without schizophrenia. Prior research supports this idea by finding that individuals with schizophrenia display steeper rates of delay discounting than those without it. The present study had 272 undergraduate students complete a questionnaire that assessed the presence of schizotypal personality characteristics and then a delay-discounting task that involved five different outcomes. Results demonstrated that schizotypal traits were rarely correlated with rates of discounting and that rates of discounting did not differ between participants scoring low and high on those traits. These results, obtained from a nonclinical sample, thus suggest that the steep rates of discounting observed for individuals with schizophrenia in prior research may have developed after, or as a result of, the schizophrenia or potentially as a result of treatment. (Contains 2 tables.)
Southern Illinois University Carbondale. Mailcode 4609, Rehabilitation Institute, Carbondale, IL 62901-4609. Tel: 618-536-7704; e-mail: psychrec@siu.edu; Web site: http://www.siuc.edu/~ThePsychologicalRecord/index.html
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A