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ERIC Number: EJ1002402
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Jun
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0268-1153
Differences in Osteoarthritis Self-Management Support Intervention Outcomes According to Race and Health Literacy
Sperber, Nina R.; Bosworth, Hayden B.; Coffman, Cynthia J.; Lindquist, Jennifer H.; Oddone, Eugene Z.; Weinberger, Morris; Allen, Kelli D.
Health Education Research, v28 n3 p502-511 Jun 2013
We explored whether the effects of a telephone-based osteoarthritis (OA) self-management support intervention differed by race and health literacy. Participants included 515 veterans with hip and/or knee OA. Linear mixed models assessed differential effects of the intervention compared with health education (HE) and usual care (UC) on pain (Arthritis Impact Measurement Scales-2 [AIMS2] and Visual Analogue Scale), function (AIMS2 mobility and walking/bending), affect (AIMS2) and arthritis self-efficacy by: (i) race (white/non-white), (ii) health literacy (high/low) and (iii) race by health literacy. AIMS2 mobility improved more among non-whites than whites in the intervention compared with HE and UC (P = 0.02 and 0.008). AIMS2 pain improved more among participants with low than high literacy in the intervention compared with HE (P = 0.05). However, we found a differential effect of the intervention on AIMS2 pain compared with UC according to the combination of race and health literacy (P = 0.05); non-whites with low literacy in the intervention had the greatest improvement in pain. This telephone-based OA intervention may be particularly beneficial for patients with OA who are racial/ethnic minorities and have low health literacy. These results warrant further research designed specifically to assess whether this type of intervention can reduce OA disparities.
Oxford University Press. Great Clarendon Street, Oxford OX2 6DP, UK. Tel: +44-1865-353907; Fax: +44-1865-353485; e-mail: jnls.cust.serv@oxfordjournals.org; Web site: http://her.oxfordjournals.org/
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A