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ERIC Number: EJ1002294
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 83
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1551-0670
Changes in the Spatial Distribution of Elementary Schools and Their Impact on Rural Communities in Czechia in the Second Half of the 20th Century
Kucerova, Silvie; Kucera, Zdenek
Journal of Research in Rural Education, v27 n11 2012
This article addresses the changes in the spatial distribution of elementary schools in Czechia in the second half of the 20th century and the consequences of these changes on the functioning of rural communities. The spatial distribution of elementary schools, the shape of their catchment areas, and the regional and local communities connected with these schools are influenced by a wide variety of general processes similar to those in the majority of developed countries. We find decreases in the number of elementary schools, along with a concentration of elementary education provisions, in larger population centers. In Czechia the primary phase of this process occurred during the 1970s as a result of the implementation of a unique totalitarian policy of centrally directed settlement development. The effects of school closure on rural communities in peripheral areas fail to show any fundamental difference between Czechia and other developed countries, although the unique features of the former communist system are expressed in the time and forms of school closures and the resulting spatial patterns of school distribution. (Contains 4 figures and 5 footnotes.)
Penn State University College of Education, Center on Rural Education and Communities. 310B Rackley Building, University Park, PA 16802. Tel: 814-863-2031; Web site: http://www.jrre.psu.edu/
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Czech Republic