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ERIC Number: EJ1002226
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 46
ISSN: ISSN-1050-9674
Using Bibliotherapy to Enhance Probation and Reduce Recidivism
Schutt, Russell K.; Deng, Xiaogang; Stoehr, Taylor
Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, v52 n3 p181-197 2013
Prior research indicates that probation programs that include efforts to change cognitive orientations and social patterns can enhance their effectiveness. This article reports an evaluation of an enhanced probation program, Changing Lives Through Literature, which uses a form of bibliotherapy to increase its rehabilitative effect. Controlling for offense histories, offender characteristics, jurisdiction, and propensity scores, rates of recidivism are compared between probationers who participated in the program and a random sample of potentially eligible probationers in the same jurisdictions and time periods. A limited observational study of program process suggests that changes occurred in participants' cognitive orientations and social styles. As hypothesized, the rate of recidivism and offense severity declined for program participants more than for those in the comparison group, after the controls and in all jurisdictions studied. Possible reasons for the program's value are reviewed, including its adherence to evidence-based principles recommended by the National Institute of Corrections (2005); recommendations are made for more extended program sessions and more extensive evaluative research. (Contains 3 tables.)
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Adult Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A