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ERIC Number: EJ1001853
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Feb
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0959-4752
Performance-Approach Goal Effects on Achievement under Low versus High Challenge Conditions
Senko, Corwin; Durik, Amanda M.; Patel, Lily; Lovejoy, Chelsea M.; Valentiner, David
Learning and Instruction, v23 p60-68 Feb 2013
Two studies examined the effects of university students' achievement goals on performance under low versus high challenge conditions. The first was a laboratory experiment in which participants were assigned goals to pursue on a novel mathematics task alleged to be simple or complex to use. The second was a survey study in which students set goals for courses rated by others as easy or hard. In direct opposition to the common premise that performance goals are maladaptive on complex or challenging tasks, both studies found that performance-approach goals facilitated high achievement in the high challenge condition but not in the low challenge condition. Additional findings indicate this pattern may be stronger when the task or class is relatively interesting, perhaps because interest inspires autonomous instead of controlling reasons for pursuing performance-approach goals. Implications for goal theory are discussed. (Contains 3 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A