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ERIC Number: EJ1001849
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Feb
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0959-4752
Metacognitive Support Promotes an Effective Use of Instructional Resources in Intelligent Tutoring
Schwonke, Rolf; Ertelt, Anna; Otieno, Christine; Renkl, Alexander; Aleven, Vincent; Salden, Ron J. C. M.
Learning and Instruction, v23 p136-150 Feb 2013
We tested whether the provision of metacognitive knowledge on how to cope with the complexity of a learning environment improved learning. In an experimental setting, high-school students (N = 60) worked through a computer-based geometry lesson either with or without metacognitive support in the form of a cue card. This cue card encouraged students to use instructional resources in the learning environment (i.e., textual and graphic representations and different help facilities) more strategically. During learning, the learners' gaze and log-file data were recorded. The metacognitive support made learning more efficient (i.e., less learning time without impairing outcomes). In addition, low-prior knowledge students developed deeper conceptual understanding. The effects on learning outcomes were mediated by reducing the non-strategic use of help facilities. Our findings suggest that a lack of metacognitive conditional knowledge (i.e., in which situation to use which help facility) can account for learning difficulty in computer-based learning environments. (Contains 7 tables and 3 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A