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ERIC Number: EJ1001320
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 26
ISSN: ISSN-1345-8353
The Relationship between the Timing of Recasts, Repair and Learners' Proficiency Levels: Analysis of NS-NNS Recast Episodes
Asari, Yoko
Journal of Pan-Pacific Association of Applied Linguistics, v16 n2 p21-34 2012
This study examines the relationship between recasts and learners' repair, taking into account 1) learners' proficiency level and 2) timing of recasts. 543 recast episodes were detected from 17 beginning, 16 intermediate, and 17 advanced learners. While beginning learners were not able to repair if the intervening words between the learners' error and the teacher's recast exceeded two or more words, intermediate and advanced learners did not have the same problem. This suggests that more proficient learners were able to spare their attention to different aspects of linguistic information available from recasts. Interestingly, however, intermediate learners' overall repair production was the highest and advanced learners' repair rate decreased to the same level as beginning learners'. This "horseshoe pattern" posits a possible explanation of how fossilization occurs in second language acquisition. (Contains 3 tables and 4 figures.)
Pan-Pacific Association of Applied Linguistics. Department of English, Namseoul University, 21 Maeju-ri, Seonghwan-eup, Cheonan-city, Choongnam, Korea 330-707. Tel: +82-2-3290-1995; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Japan