ERIC Number: EJ1000582
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 36
Sex Differences in the Timing of Identification among Children and Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders
Begeer, Sander; Mandell, David; Wijnker-Holmes, Bernadette; Venderbosch, Stance; Rem, Dorien; Stekelenburg, Fred; Koot, Hans M.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v43 n5 p1151-1156 May 2013
To examine differences by sex in the timing of identification of individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), survey data were collected in the Netherlands from 2,275 males and females with autistic disorder, Asperger's syndrome and PDD-NOS. Among participants less than 18 years of age, females with Asperger's syndrome were identified later than males. Among participants [greater than or equal to]18 years of age, females with autistic disorder were identified later than males. In more recent years, girls with Asperger's syndrome are diagnosed later than boys, confirming earlier findings. In adults, the delayed timing of diagnosis in females with autistic disorder may be related to changing practices in diagnosis over time. Strategies for changing clinician behaviour to improve recognition of ASD in females are needed.
Descriptors: Disability Identification, Females, Autism, Foreign Countries, Asperger Syndrome, Males, Gender Differences, Children, Adults, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Age Differences
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Netherlands