ERIC Number: EJ1000572
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 49
A Retrospective Study of Amitriptyline in Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorders
Bhatti, Irfan; Thome, Andrew; Smith, Patricia Oxler; Cook-Wiens, Galen; Yeh, Hung Wen; Gaffney, Gary R.; Hellings, Jessica A.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v43 n5 p1017-1027 May 2013
We performed a retrospective chart review of 50 youths with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), prescribed amitriptyline (AMI) for hyperactivity and impulsivity. Data was systematically extracted from 50 outpatient clinic charts, including AMI treatment duration, dose, trough levels and adverse events. Mean age was 9.4 years (4.6-17.9); 40 were males and 10 females. 30 % had failed atomoxetine and 40 % had failed [greater than or equal to]3 ADHD medications. Mean dose was 1.3 [plus or minus] 0.6 mg/kg/day, mean trough level 114.1 [plus or minus] 50.5 ng/ml, mean duration 3.4 years. Clinical Global Impressions Scale-Improvement (CGI-I) was [less than or equal to]2 in 60 % of patients at the final visit, and in 82 % of patients for at least 50 % of follow-ups. Cautious use of low dose AMI shows promise for treatment-resistant youth with ASD accompanied by hyperactivity, impulsivity, aggression and self injury.
Descriptors: Hyperactivity, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Drug Therapy, Youth, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Outcomes of Treatment, Aggression
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A