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ERIC Number: EJ1000353
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Oct
Pages: 11
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1060-9393
Children as the Potential for the Social and Demographic Development of Russia
Rimashevskaia, N. M.
Russian Education and Society, v54 n10 p3-13 Oct 2012
The future of Russian society is manifested in the new generation, the community of children and young people. To a large extent, the country's social and economic development depends on the health and education of the rising generation, on its social values and orientations, its spirituality and morality, and its level of cultural accumulation. The comprehensive study and assessment of the potential and the quality of children represent a very important condition that is necessary for the formulation of an effective state policy oriented toward the preservation of the nation and the social and demographic development of Russia. The profound social and economic reforms got under way in the early 1990s, and the generations born then are no longer children. In 10 to 15 years, today's youngsters will constitute not only the main segment of Russia's working and creative population but also its demographic foundation; they will directly determine the country's future in all its aspects. In today's Russia one can clearly observe the clash (or intersection) of two independent processes. One is the demographic process, which, as in all developed countries, is characterized by a rapid aging of the population and a deterioration of its qualitative properties. The second process has an economic foundation and is linked to the country's transition from natural-resource-oriented technologies to innovative technologies that are characteristic of all developed countries. To a large extent, the success of this transition depends on the percentage of the youth cohort in the structure of the work force, since it is young people who are being prepared to be involved in the effective modernization of industry via high-level technologies whose replacement time is increasingly shorter and more intensive. This accounts for the pressing need for special reforms affecting the country's younger generation. At least three sets of vital problems can be discerned in this sphere, which must be solved. The author discusses them in this paper and offers preliminary solutions. She suggests that the low rate of reproduction of the Russian population makes it necessary to ensure that the smaller size of the young population is mitigated by an improvement in its health and education, and the creation of conditions necessary for its intellectual potential to be realized. [This article was translated by Kim Braithwaite.]
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Adult Education; Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Russia