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ERIC Number: EJ1000333
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 9
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0160-7561
Developing a Democratic View of Academic Subject Matters: John Dewey, William Chandler Bagley, and Boyd Henry Bode
Watras, Joseph
Philosophical Studies in Education, v43 p162-170 2012
In the first half of the twentieth century, the ideal of democracy influenced the conceptions people had of the academic subject matters. A common criticism was that abstract academic subjects served aristocratic societies. Although most theorists considered the academic subjects to be important, they had differing views on the conception of democracy, the nature of the academic subjects, and the ways those studies served democracy. For example, John Dewey and William Bagley argued that knowledge of the academic subjects could enlarge the experiences of students, but they offered contrasting interpretations as to the ways this happened. Boyd Bode drew many of his ideas from both of these theorists; however, he combined their views in ways that corrected some of the problems he found in each of their views. The author points out that the task of education was for people to realize the problems. Teachers could not impose a view on students because indoctrination contradicted the democratic spirit. The best that teachers could do was to help the students reconstruct experiences for themselves. Given this opportunity, the students would choose democracy. At least, this was the faith that Bode believed was essential to fulfill the promise that education and democracy offered. (Contains 29 footnotes.)
Ohio Valley Philosophy of Education Society. Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A