ERIC Number: EJ1000322
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 89
The Role of Peer Group Aggression in Predicting Adolescent Dating Violence and Relationship Quality
Ellis, Wendy E.; Chung-Hall, Janet; Dumas, Tara M.
Journal of Youth and Adolescence, v42 n4 p487-499 Apr 2013
Past research has shown that adolescent peer groups make a significant contribution to shaping behavior but less is known about the role of peer groups in adolescent dating relationships. This longitudinal study examined the contribution of aggressive peer group norms on relationship quality and dating violence among dating adolescents. At the beginning of the school year (T1) and 6 months later (T2), participants (n = 1,070; M[subscript age] = 15.45; 49 % Female) provided self-reports of attitudes towards aggression, and physically- and relationally-aggressive behaviors. Peer groups were identified using a peer-nomination technique and aggressive behaviors and attitudes were averaged across peer groups. Participants with dating experience (n = 598) reported on the frequency of their experience with dating violence (both as a victim and perpetrator). Multilevel analyses indicated that peer group relational aggression at T1 positively predicted dating abuse victimization and perpetration, and negatively predicted relationship quality at T2, beyond individual predictions. An unexpected finding was that membership in physically aggressive peer groups at T1 was associated positively with relationship quality at T2. Results point to the importance of the peer group in shaping adolescent dating experiences.
Descriptors: Peer Groups, Peer Relationship, Dating (Social), Aggression, Prediction, Longitudinal Studies, Adolescents, Adolescent Attitudes, Measurement Techniques, Victims, Peer Influence, Correlation, Hierarchical Linear Modeling, Role
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A