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ERIC Number: EJ042957
Record Type: CIJE
Publication Date: 1971
Pages: N/A
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Effects of Social Reinforcement on Learning and Retention in Children
Allen, Sara A.; And Others
Developmental Psychology, 5, 1, 73-80, Jul 71
Reinforcement conditions of approval, disapproval, or silence were used during a discrimination task assigned to 96 boys and 96 girls. Children receiving criticism responded at slower rates and made more errors than children receiving praise or silence. Retention was measured after 8 days. Results suggest that disapproval negatively affects both motivation and learning. (NH)
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Education Level: N/A
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