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ERIC Number: ED605664
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2020
Pages: 96
Abstractor: ERIC
The 123s of School Choice: What the Research Says about Private School Choice Programs in America. 2020 Edition
This is the second edition of "The 123s of School Choice." This annual publication is designed to be a one-stop shop for all the existing research on private school choice in the United States. This year's edition is updated with the research published since the last edition. Since the first modern-day voucher program launched in Milwaukee in 1990, researchers have studied private school choice programs. Few American education reforms have been studied as much as choice. Even fewer, if any, have such a broad array of possible outcomes for students, schools, taxpayers and families. Researchers from across the country have published more than 150 empirical studies on the effectiveness of these programs. The purpose of this publication is to list, summarize, and explain those studies. The first set of outcomes covered are studies of the personal benefits that students and families can gain from participating in private school choice programs. These include: (1) Program Participant Test Scores; (2) Program Participant Attainment; and (3) Parent Satisfaction. The second set of outcomes cover studies of the benefits that communities and society can gain from these programs. These include: (1) Public School Students' Test Scores; (2) Civic Values and Practices; (3) Racial/Ethnic Integration; and (4) Fiscal Effects. [The following people contributed to this report: Andrew D. Catt, Paul DiPerna, Martin F. Lueken, Michael Q. McShane, and Michael Shaw. For "The 123s of School Choice: What the Research Says about Private School Choice Programs in America. 2019 Edition," see ED595069.]
EdChoice. 111 Monument Circle Suite 2650, Indianapolis, IN 46204. Tel: 317-681-0745; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: EdChoice
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A