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ERIC Number: ED603287
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
Inclusive Education in Bangladesh: Policy and Practice
Malak, Md. Saiful; Begum, Hosne Ara; Habib, Md. Ahsan; Shaila, Mahmuda; Roshid, Mohammod Moninoor
Australian Association for Research in Education, Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Australian Association for Research in Education (AARE) (Adelaide, Australia, 2013)
Bangladesh is a signatory country of major international declarations of inclusive education (IE). Over the past two decades, it has enacted policies and legislation in favour of IE. Contemporary literature suggests that having legitimised guidelines does not always ensure practices that are aligned with the principles of IE. This paper aims to analyse how the policies and legislation reflect the notion of IE in the context of Bangladesh. Moreover, to understand the practice of IE, it also looks at two major projects, Primary Education Development Program (PEDP) and Teaching Quality Improvement in Secondary Education Project (TQI-SEP), being implemented in the country over last 7 years. The study was mainly supported by literature, and policy documents and guidelines. A systematic review approach was used to understand the notion of IE and its specific implementation pattern. Results suggest that IE policies in Bangladesh are predominantly borrowed from several international treaties and they seem to be little understood among practitioners and classroom teachers within the context of Bangladesh. Further, the result also shows that teachers' attitudes towards IE and limited professional development are major barriers to implementing IE at school level. The findings imply that the policy guidelines in relation to the context of IE in Bangladesh tend to be low-leverage tools. Further research is needed to understand IE practice at classroom level.
Australian Association for Research in Education. AARE Secretariat, One Geils Court, Deakin ACT 2600, Australia. Tel: +61-2-6285-8388; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education; Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Bangladesh
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A