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ERIC Number: ED597894
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2019-Aug-9
Pages: 28
Abstractor: ERIC
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), Part C: Early Intervention for Infants and Toddlers with Disabilities. CRS Report R43631, Version 11. Updated
Dragoo, Kyrie E.
Congressional Research Service
Part C (Infants and Toddlers with Disabilities) of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA, P.L. 108-446) authorizes a formula grant program for infants and toddlers with disabilities (ages birth through two) and their families. A general purpose of these grants is to aid states in developing and implementing "a statewide, comprehensive, coordinated, multidisciplinary, interagency system that provides early intervention services for infants and toddlers with disabilities and their families." In 2018, approximately 389,000 infants and toddlers received early intervention services under Part C of the IDEA. The IDEA is primarily thought of as the nation's special education law, and Part B, which focuses on providing special education and related services to children with disabilities between the ages of 3 and 21 years old, is the largest part of the IDEA both in terms of populations served and funding level. However, the IDEA covers more than special education. The IDEA consists of four parts. Part A contains the general provisions, including the purposes of the act and definitions. The aforementioned largest part, Part B, contains provisions relating to the education of school aged children (the grants-to-states program) and the state grants program for preschool children with disabilities (Section 619). Part C, the focus of this report, authorizes state grants for programs serving infants and toddlers with disabilities. Finally, Part D contains the requirements for various national activities designed to improve the education of children with disabilities. Appendix A provides a more detailed summary of each of the four parts. This report describes the IDEA, Part C state requirements, services for infants and toddlers with disabilities, and procedural safeguards. Additionally, it discusses funding, expenditure requirements, and compliance. [Mariam Ghavalyan assisted in the updating of this report.]
Congressional Research Service. Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Library of Congress, Congressional Research Service (CRS)
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Individuals with Disabilities Education Act; Individuals with Disabilities Education Act Part C; Individuals with Disabilities Education Act Part B
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A