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ERIC Number: ED577313
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Feb
Pages: 16
Abstractor: ERIC
The Gender Pay Gap and the Representation of Women in Higher Education Administrative Positions: The Century so Far. A CUPA-HR Research Brief
Bichsel, Jacqueline; McChesney, Jasper
College and University Professional Association for Human Resources
This brief provides a nuanced interpretation of how higher education has paid women in administrative positions from 2001-2016, as well as the number of women holding top leadership positions in colleges and universities nationwide. Findings in this brief include the following: (1) In 2001, women administrators in higher education earned approximately 77 cents on the dollar as compared to their male counterparts. That has risen only slightly to approximately 80 cents in 2016. The higher education pay gap for administrators roughly mirrors the overall U.S. pay gap for men and women; (2) Across the U.S., roughly half of higher education administrators are women. However, when different types of administrative positions are assessed, the representation of women decreases drastically in more prestigious, higher-paying jobs. Although there has been a trend toward hiring more women into each type of position since 2001, the percentage of women in top executive positions remains less than 30 percent; (3) Men occupy the overwhelming majority of executive positions in higher education. They outnumber women more than 2:1 among presidents and chief business officers. They outnumber women 4:1 among chief information officers and chief athletics administrators, and more than 9:1 among chief facilities officers. The only position in which women occupy the overwhelming majority of positions is that of chief HR officer, where they outnumber men nearly 3:1; and (4) Although the representation of women is lower in positions with higher salaries, the pay gap is narrower. The pay gap decreases slightly as one moves from less senior to more senior positions (with the exception of deans). Therefore, in positions where women are less represented, they tend to be paid more. For example, although female chief facilities officers are outnumbered more than 9:1 by men, they earn 17 percent more than their male counterparts.
College and University Professional Association for Human Resources. 1811 Commons Point Drive, Knoxville, TN 37932. Tel: 877-287-2474; Fax: 865-637-7674; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: College and University Professional Association for Human Resources (CUPA-HR)