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ERIC Number: ED574372
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Pages: 52
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 195
Employability: A Review of the Literature 2012 to 2016. A Report for the Higher Education Academy
Artess, Jane; Hooley, Tristram; Mellors-Bourne, Robin
Higher Education Academy
This report for the Higher Education Academy, in partnership with the University of Derby and the Career Development Organisation, examined 187 pieces of research published between 2012 and 2016 that describe how the subject of employability has been addressed during this period. It draws out some of the key implications for higher education providers (HEPs), academics, and employability practitioners. Employability is notoriously complex to define, but for the purposes of this review Artess, Hooley, and Mellors-Bourne looked at research that uses the term "employability" and which intersects with one of the key concepts that are contained with the Higher Education Academy's (HEA's) Framework for embedding employability. The framework was used both to provide keywords for the literature review, and to help in structuring this report. Higher education providers are under considerable pressure from policymakers, students, and employers to ensure that graduates emerge from higher education ready for the labour market. The imminent implementation of the Teaching Excellence Framework (TEF) looks set to increase this pressure. It is also possible to argue that a focus on employability is a moral duty for higher education providers. Students invest their time and money in accessing higher education with the expectation that it will offer them access to greater life chances than they would have obtained if they had not attended HE. For the most part, this expectation is fulfilled with graduates generally doing better in the labour market than non-graduates. However, it is not simply holding a degree that results in these outcomes (although there is an important signalling effect), rather it is critical that higher education develops students in ways that support them to be successful in the future. The report contains the appendix: HEA Literature Review--Search Framework.
Higher Education Academy. York Science Park, Innovation Way, Heslington, York Y010 5BR, United Kingdom. Tel: 01904 717500; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Information Analyses
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Higher Education Academy (HEA) (United Kingdom)