ERIC Number: ED573168
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Child Poverty Higher and More Persistent in Rural America. National Issue Brief Number 97
Schaefer, Andrew; Mattingly, Marybeth; Johnson, Kenneth M.
Carsey School of Public Policy
The negative consequences of growing up in a poor family are well known. Poor children are less likely to have timely immunizations, have lower academic achievement, are generally less engaged in school activities, and face higher delinquency rates in adolescent years. Each of these has adverse impacts on their health, earnings, and family status in adulthood. Less understood is how the experience of poverty can differ depending on the community context. Being poor in a relatively well-off community with good infrastructure and schools is different from being poor in a place where poverty rates have been high for generations, where economic investment in schools and infrastructure is negligible, and where pathways to success are few. The hurdles are even higher in rural areas, where low population density, physical isolation, and the broad spatial distribution of the poor make service delivery and exposure to innovative programs more challenging. This brief looks at both the incidence of high child poverty (20 percent or greater) over the past three decades and at the places where such high child poverty has "persisted" for all of those decades (see Box 1 for definitions of high and persistent child poverty). Our analysis documents both that the incidence of high child poverty is growing nationwide and that rural America includes a disproportionate share of children living in counties characterized as having persistent high child poverty.
Descriptors: Poverty, Rural Areas, Children, Economically Disadvantaged, Rural Urban Differences, Minority Group Children
Carsey School of Public Policy. Huddleston Hall, 73 Main Street, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH 03824. Tel: 603-862-2821; Fax: 603-862-3878. e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://carsey.unh.edu
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Annie E. Casey Foundation; W.K. Kellogg Foundation
Authoring Institution: University of New Hampshire, Carsey School of Public Policy