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ERIC Number: ED570882
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Pages: 66
Abstractor: ERIC
Woman in Intercollegiate Sport: A Longitudinal, National Study. Thirty-Seven Year Update, 1977-2014
Acosta, R. Vivian; Carpenter, Linda Jean
Acosta - Carpenter
In 1970, prior to the 1972 enactment of Title IX, there were only 2.5 women's teams per school and a total of only about 16,000 female intercollegiate athletes. In 1977/1978, the academic year preceding the mandatory compliance date for Title IX, the number of varsity sports for women had grown to 5.61 per school. A decade later, in 1988, the number had grown to 7.71 and at the turn of the century, the growth continued to 8.14. Today, in 2014, the average number of women's teams per school sets an all time record of 8.83 giving weight to the adage: "If you build it, they will come." This report is the latest update on a longitudinal national survey which examines: (1) the athletics job market for females; (2) participation opportunities for females; (3) head coaching opportunities for females; (4) assistant coaching opportunities for women; (5) administrative opportunities for women; (6) athletic training employment opportunities for women; (7) sports information directors (SIDs) employment opportunities for women; (8) strength and conditioning coaching (S/C) opportunities for women; and (9) geographic region and "red" state vs. "blue" state data. [For prior reports, see ED570884 (2006), ED570885 (2008), ED570886 (2010), and ED570883 (2012).]
Acosta / Carpenter. P.O. Box 42, West Brookfield, MA 01585. e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Smith College, Project on Women and Social Change; City University of New York (CUNY), Brooklyn College
Authoring Institution: Acosta/Carpenter
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Higher Education Act Title IX; Title IX Education Amendments 1972
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A