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ERIC Number: ED570880
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Executive Function: Implications for Education. NCER 2017-2000
Zelazo, Philip David; Blair, Clancy B.; Willoughby, Michael T.
National Center for Education Research
Executive function (EF) skills are the attention-regulation skills that make it possible to sustain attention, keep goals and information in mind, refrain from responding immediately, resist distraction, tolerate frustration, consider the consequences of different behaviors, reflect on past experiences, and plan for the future. As EF research progresses, scientists, teachers, and parents are becoming more aware of the importance of these skills for learning in school settings for all students and especially for those at risk due to various factors, such as disabilities. In this paper, the authors highlight some key findings on EF and focus on its relevance to education research and practice. This paper's primary audience includes graduate students and others conducting advanced study in the fields of education, developmental psychology, educational neuroscience, and public policy, as well as other interested education researchers and stakeholders. Topics include the following: (1) An Introduction to Executive Function; (2) The Role That Executive Function Plays in Learning and Adaptation; (3) Assessment of Executive Function; (4) Developmental Change in Executive Function; (5) Individual Differences in Executive Function Development; (6) Malleability of Executive Function; and (6) Overall Summary, Directions for Future Research, and Implications for Educational Policy and Practice. References and a glossary are also included.
Descriptors: Executive Function, Attention Control, Educational Research, Learning Processes, Evaluation Methods, Developmental Stages, Individual Differences, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Neurology, Cognitive Processes, Motivation, Disabilities, Learning Problems, Questionnaires, Performance Based Assessment, Individualized Instruction, Intervention, Progress Monitoring, Longitudinal Studies, Personality Traits, Cognitive Ability, Gender Differences, Genetics, Educational Practices, Short Term Memory, Transfer of Training, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Academic Ability, Exercise, Video Games
National Center for Education Research. Available from: ED Pubs. P.O. Box 1398, Jessup, MD 20794. Tel: 877-433-7826; Fax: 301-470-1244; Web site: http://ies.ed.gov/ncer/
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Students; Researchers
Authoring Institution: National Center for Education Research (ED); Westat, Inc.
IES Funded: Yes
Grant or Contract Numbers: EDIES12D0015
IES Publication: http://ies.ed.gov/ncer/pubs/20172000/