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ERIC Number: ED570239
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Pages: 324
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: 978-1-3397-9348-1
ISSN: N/A
The Importance of Data Quality in Using Health Information Exchange (HIE) Networks to Improve Health Outcomes: Case Study of a HIE Extracted Dataset of Patients with Congestive Heart Failure Participating in a Regional HIE
Cartron-Mizeracki, Marie-Astrid
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Arkansas at Little Rock
Expenditures on health information technology (HIT) for healthcare organizations are growing exponentially and the value of it is the subject of criticism and skepticism. Because HIT is viewed as capable of improving major health care indicators, the government offers incentives to health care providers and organizations to implement solutions. However HIT implementation is still subject to numerous technical, financial and organizational barriers. Health Information Exchange (HIE) networks are examples of HIT implementations that have been shown to assist healthcare providers in exchanging data and facilitating patient care through the circulation of critical clinical information between health care organizations statewide and nationwide. However, the real utility of these networks in terms of improving health outcomes is still unclear. The objective of this research illustrates how data quality issues impact health information and impede efforts to spread effective HIT solutions. The main focus of this research investigates data quality issues and other health information problems for patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) whose information was shared within a regional HIE network, the MidSouth eHealth Alliance (MSeHA) in Tennessee. Congestive Heart Failure is a major health problem and contributor to healthcare expenditures in the US. First an empirical data quality assessment method identified and evaluated the quality dimensions of the dataset. Secondly, prediction models using GEE models and decision tress were built to determine the factors influencing major health care outcomes such as the number of encounters, number of laboratory testing, number of procedures, number of subsequent visits and admissions, realization of specific procedure like catheterization, CABG, echocardiogram, CT-angiogram or other cardiac procedures. All models included administrative and biological parameters from data extracted from the HIE as well as HIE usage data in order to determine the impact of the HIE use these health outcomes. Both analytical methods produced models that showed that use of HIE in the Emergency Department for patients with CHF was associated with somewhat improved health outcomes. However, it also showed the limitation of the HIE in terms of data quality. Although this study provided evidence supporting the use of HIT and quality information exchange through the HIE, more integrated clinical solutions are now needed. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page: http://www.proquest.com/en-US/products/dissertations/individuals.shtml.]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site: http://www.proquest.com/en-US/products/dissertations/individuals.shtml
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Tennessee