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ERIC Number: ED570184
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Apr
Pages: 48
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
Pursuing Innovation: How Can Educational Choice Transform K-12 Education in the U.S.?
Wolf, Patrick J.; Egalite, Anna J.
Friedman Foundation for Educational Choice
This report summarizes the state of competition in American K-12 education. It pays particular attention to the prevalence and market penetration of charter schools, private school vouchers, and tax-credit scholarships as market reforms. The effect of added institutional competition from charters, vouchers, and tax-credit scholarships on the performance of district schools and education funding is examined using a survey of the high-quality research on that topic. These summaries and analyses suggest that growing educational competition from charter schools, vouchers, and tax-credit scholarship programs holds the promise of improving the productivity of district schools, subject to the effective design of school choice policies. Seven research questions are addressed: (1) What is the general state of K-12 education in the U.S. as of 2012-13?; (2) How much organizational competition exists in K-12 education, and what distinctive forms does it take?; (3) Is overall competition in K-12 education increasing and, if so, at what rate?; (4) Which forms of organizational competition are most likely to generate pressures for K-12 educational improvement and why?; (5) What are the intermediate effects of organizational competition on educational outcomes?; (6) What are the effects of organizational competition on education productivity?; and (7) What policy design elements appear to maximize the efficacy and productivity of competition-based education reforms? Educational competition is having a positive effect on public schooling in the U.S. Given improvements in the design and scope of that competition, the future benefits to be realized could be quite impressive. The following is appended: Sources for Table 3. Contains notes.
Friedman Foundation for Educational Choice. Available from: Foundation for Educational Choice. One American Square Suite 2420, Indianapolis, IN 46282. Tel: 317-681-0745; Fax: 317-681-0945; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Friedman Foundation for Educational Choice
Identifiers - Location: Arizona; California; California (San Diego); Colorado (Denver); District of Columbia; Florida; Illinois (Chicago); Indiana; Louisiana; Michigan; New York (New York); North Carolina; Ohio; Pennsylvania (Philadelphia); Texas; Wisconsin (Milwaukee)
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: National Assessment of Educational Progress