ERIC Number: ED568881
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 56
The Effects of Home-Based Lunch Provision on Child Retention in Primary Schools in Mbita Sub-County Kenya
Abonyo, Nelson; Onderi, Henry; Ayodo, T. M. O.
Online Submission, Journal of Education Research and Behavioral Sciences v3 n10 p330-342 Dec 2014
Despite the introduction of Free Primary Education in 2003 by the Kenya government in its quest to increasing access, retention and equity in education provision, child survival rate in primary schools in Mbita Sub-county is still 85.2% and is below the national survival rate of 97.1%. It was due to this low retention rate that the study was set to investigate the effects of home-based lunch on child retention in the primary schools in Mbita. To achieve this, the study was set on a specific objective focused on identifying the effects of home-based lunch, on child retention in the primary schools. To realize the set objective, the study was based on a conceptual framework drawn from the Classical Liberal Theory focused on Equity of Opportunity in education provision as postulated by an American Educator Horace Mann. The framework explains the relationship between the dependent and the independent variables in home-based lunch provision. The study used descriptive survey design which was conducted in 42 public primary schools sampled from the 98 primary schools in Mbita Sub-county. The study used the precision rate and confidence level derivative to obtain the sample, where the sample size n = z2.p.q.N/e2 (N-1)+ z2.p.q defined the 42 schools. The study also adopted the stratified random sampling to accommodate social, economic, physical and environmental differences in the regions of the study. To obtain the stratum sample size, the proportionate stratification was used based on each stratums share where, nxn1/n defined the stratum sample size for the Island, Urban and Rural regions of Mbita Sub-county. Data was collected using questionnaires sent to head teachers and class teachers of the sampled schools, while interview schedules were used with class prefects to collect more information regarding the effects of home-based lunch on retention in the study area. The SPSS program for MS windows was also used to analyze the questionnaires. The study used frequencies and percentages because they easily communicated the research findings to majority of the readers. The study found out that home-based lunch provision contributed to absenteeism, lateness, transfers, attrition thus reducing child retention capacity of schools in Mbita. It was also noted that home-based lunch resulted to children walking long distances to and from schools, preparing lunch, not getting lunch at home, becoming truant and others incur accidents as they walk home every other day.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Elementary Education, Academic Persistence, Surveys, Public Schools, Questionnaires, Teacher Attitudes, Administrator Attitudes, Lunch Programs, Attendance Patterns, Transfer Students, Student Attrition, Urban Schools, Rural Schools, Proximity, Influences, Student Records, Dropouts, At Risk Students
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Kenya