ERIC Number: ED568534
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
How Congruent Is a Strict Uniform Policy with Enhanced Academic Achievement and Self-Beliefs in Early Adolescence?
Hoskins, Jo A.
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, Capella University
This study focuses on the analysis of the impact of school uniforms on student self-esteem and self-efficacy. In the past, schools have implemented school uniform policies in order to help improve student achievement as well as strengthen discipline. However, previous research has indicated an association, which is tenuous at best, with regard to the relationship between these factors. The purpose of this study was to further explore these relationships and focus upon Middle School students in a Southeastern state who attend a Summer Enrichment program. This study's methodology consisted of an ex-post facto cross-sectional comparison between students in schools which have implemented a uniform policy and students in schools which had not. Convenience sampling was used, with the study sample consisting of 98 middle school students. As it turned out, the one single factor of voluntary attendance at the summer enrichment program created special circumstances of enrichment didactics, meaningfully high teacher dedication and especially motivated students. These were enough to override the fact that a minority of students attended schools that imposed a uniform policy. The data collected consisted of a battery of study instruments on student self-esteem and self-efficacy, with the analyses consisting of descriptive statistics, independent-samples t-tests and ANOVA. Except for a borderline result on Self-Esteem and a statistically significant difference in Course Self-Efficacy, no benefit of the implementation of a uniform policy was found. This calls into question the use of uniforms in schools. The follow-up to this wide-ranging exploratory study could well benefit from qualitative investigations of school administration and student attitudes toward shifting to a uniform policy. The next investigation of student self-efficacy and self-esteem may also expand to a 2 X 2 matrix of public versus private schools implementing a uniform policy or not. The Candidate had contemplated both methodological approaches but ran out of time and resources to do so. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page: http://www.proquest.com/en-US/products/dissertations/individuals.shtml.]
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Beliefs, Early Adolescents, School Uniforms, Self Efficacy, Self Esteem, Middle School Students, Enrichment Activities, Summer Programs, Case Studies, Program Implementation, Minority Group Students, Statistical Analysis, School Policy
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Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: Middle Schools; Secondary Education; Junior High Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A