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ERIC Number: ED568429
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Pages: 143
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: 978-1-3038-7211-2
ISSN: N/A
The College Readiness and College Outcomes of White and Latino Students: An Invariance Testing Approach
Baharav, Hadar
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, University of California, Santa Barbara
It has long been documented that not all students succeed in college despite being identified college-ready by college admission. Possibly, traditional measures of college readiness, such as class rank and scores on generally accepted standardized exams, fail to adequately represent the knowledge, skills, and attributes that are required by students to realize college graduation. Furthermore, gaps in postsecondary outcomes between White and Latino students are well-known and are persistent even when comparisons are kept within one postsecondary level. Conceivably, the differences in home backgrounds and high school environments experienced by Latino and White students distinctively influence their college readiness. Utilizing a national representative sample (ELS: 2002), this two-study research attempted to compare White and Latino students on: (1) college readiness means, (2) college outcomes as predicted by college readiness, and (3) student and high school background factors contributing to students' readiness for college. At the core of the research, college readiness was conceptualized as a multifaceted, second-order factor, and the measurement and structural parameters of the model were tested for their invariance across groups. Results indicated that the measurement model was not invariant across subgroups. Therefore, Latinos and Whites were not compared on their college readiness means. Nevertheless, differences were noted in the means of the first-order factors, almost exclusively against the Latino students, suggesting Latino students fall short on some college-relevant competencies. Expectedly, Latinos were more likely than Whites to not advance their education beyond high school, and Whites were more likely to attend 4-year colleges (Study 1). Nonetheless, despite their allegedly lesser capacity, Latinos' patterns of persistence into the second year at 4-year institutions were comparable to those of Whites (Study 2). Differences were noted in the contribution of various background factors to the two groups' college readiness. In conclusion, strengthening the college expectations of Latino students and improving the high schools they attend may help increase their participation in the postsecondary system. Furthermore, developing and validating a comprehensive measure of college readiness and implementing such a measure as a formative tool in schools may facilitate students' advancement toward college readiness and meaningfully increase successful postsecondary participation. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page: http://www.proquest.com/en-US/products/dissertations/individuals.shtml.]
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Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: High Schools; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A