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ERIC Number: ED568261
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Pages: 203
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: 978-1-3038-3807-1
Factors Contributing to the Underperformance of African American Boys in K-3 Reading
Younger, Queietasha
ProQuest LLC, Ed.D. Dissertation, Walden University
African American male students in elementary schools are scoring approximately 30% lower than their peers in reading and content areas. There are many factors causing the discrepancy; indeed, the complexity of the problem has inhibited a clear solution. The purpose of this qualitative case study was to examine factors associated with low performance among African American males in Grades K-3 and the steps that can be taken to remedy the issue. Dewey and Tatum's student interest theory served as the conceptual framework for the study. Interviews with 7 teachers focused on why African American male students underperform, as well as the strategies teachers have used to help these students achieve in reading and content areas. An emergent coding process was used to examine the data and organize it into themes. Analytic strategies included thematic and case development of the factors affecting underperformance. Teachers reported multiple factors that influence the lack of achievement, including reading materials that are not connected to students' interests, a lack of teacher knowledge for instructional strategies to address students' vocabulary and comprehension deficits, and a lack of professional development for teachers. The findings indicated that African American male students need additional instruction to help them achieve in reading. In response to the findings, a tutorial program was created with initiatives designed to equip struggling students with reading skills and strategies focused on comprehension and vocabulary skills. Developing a tutoring program to improve the underperformance of African American male students may impact social change by increasing their ability to achieve in content area courses that require independent reading. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
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Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: Elementary Education; Kindergarten; Primary Education; Early Childhood Education; Grade 1; Grade 2; Grade 3
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A