ERIC Number: ED568178
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Reference Count: 49
Enhancing Engagement through Active Student Response
Tincani, Matt; Twyman, Janet S.
Center on Innovations in Learning, Temple University
Student engagement is critical to academic success. High-Active Student Response (ASR) teaching techniques are an effective way to improve student engagement and are an important component of evidence-based practice. High-ASR teaching strategies accompany important assumptions: (1) ASR is an alterable variable; (2) teachers can increase ASR in their classrooms; (3) high-ASR strategies facilitate access to the general education curriculum for students with disabilities; and (4) schools can create systems to promote high-ASR techniques. Four high-ASR strategies with substantial empirical support are response cards, choral responding, guided notes, and peer tutoring. Response cards involve students simultaneously writing or selecting a response and then holding up their card on cue from the teacher. Choral responding involves students vocally responding in unison to teacher-presented questions. Guided notes are teacher-prepared handouts that guide a student through a lecture with cues and spaces to write the key facts, concepts, and/or relationships. Peer tutoring is a collection of strategies that employ students as one-on-one teachers of academic content. Research suggests that these techniques not only increase the overall frequency of student responding, but also their correct responding, and in some cases, their accuracy on quizzes and tests, as well as decrease their challenging behavior. Digitally supported strategies, such as student response systems, are also promising techniques to increase student ASR. Key elements to look for in classrooms with high levels of student engagement are classroom organization, whole-class participation, high rates of ASR, teacher feedback, summative evaluation, and systems support. This report provides techniques and strategies to enhance engagement through ASR. Key terms are appended.
Descriptors: Learner Engagement, Student Reaction, Responses, Teaching Methods, Evidence Based Practice, Disabilities, Student Participation, Large Group Instruction, Feedback (Response), Summative Evaluation, Visual Stimuli, Oral Language, Peer Teaching, Audience Response Systems, Classroom Environment, Educational Technology
Center on Innovations in Learning, Temple University. 1301 Cecil B Moore Avenue Ritter Annex 422, Philadelphia, PA 19122. Tel: 215-204-3364; Fax: 215-204-5130; Web site: http://www.centeril.org
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Temple University, Center on Innovations in Learning