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ERIC Number: ED567759
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Jul
Pages: 25
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 19
The Effects of Test Trial and Processing Level on Immediate and Delayed Retention
Chang, Sau Hou
Online Submission
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of test trial and processing level on immediate and delayed retention. Seventy-six college students were randomly assigned first to the single test and the repeated test trials, and then to the shallow processing level and the deep processing level to study forty stimulus words. Results showed that single test trial enhanced immediate retention and deep processing enhanced immediate and delayed retention. Findings also showed an interaction between test trial and processing level in delayed recall. When information was processed at a shallow level, single test trial enhanced delayed retention. When information was processed at a deep level, single test trial and repeated test trial performed similarly in delayed retention. The processing level at encoding seems to mediate the benefits of test trials at retrieval practice in delayed retention.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A