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ERIC Number: ED567393
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 149
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: 978-1-3038-0671-1
Eyewitness Testimony, False Confession, and Human Performance Technology: An Examination of Wrongful Convictions
Johnson, Terry L.
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, The University of Toledo
Wrongful criminal convictions have come to the attention of the public and the criminal justice community in recent decades as a result of DNA evidence that has proven innocence after conviction. Research has suggested that as many as 3% to 5% of people currently imprisoned did not, in fact, commit the crimes for which they were convicted. A review of the scholarly literature indicates that two primary causes of errors lead to wrongful convictions: (a) faulty eyewitness identification and (b) false confessions that occur during the criminal investigative phase. There are three purposes of this study. The first purpose of the study was to qualitatively analyze the current Ohio Peace Officer Training Commission (OPOTC) curriculum to determine whether the content being taught in Ohio police academies is in alignment with empirical research on the subjects of wrongful convictions, faulty identification, and false confessions. The second purpose of the study was to quantitatively investigate the perceptions that experienced investigators have regarding what they were taught in the police academy compared with what they now understand from experience pertaining to eyewitness and confession evidence. The third purpose of the study was to suggest human performance technology (HTP) interventions as a means to improve performance of police investigators and reduce the rates of wrongful convictions in the state of Ohio. Results indicated that the OPOTC curriculum does not coincide with empirical research pertaining to wrongful convictions, specifically with regard to eyewitness identification and false confessions. Results further indicated that perceptions among investigators pertaining to eyewitness and confession evidence have changed as investigators gained experience in the field. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
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Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Ohio