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ERIC Number: ED567291
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Pages: 171
Abstractor: As Provided
ISBN: 978-1-3037-7497-3
Teachers' Perceptions of Principal Leadership Based on the 21 Responsibilities of a School Leader as Defined by Marzano, Waters, and McNulty (2005)
Bedessem-Chandler, Tammy
ProQuest LLC, Ed.D. Dissertation, Edgewood College
The purpose of this study was to explore the extent to which teachers perceive the 21 Responsibilities of a School Leader. Marzano, Waters and McNulty's correlational study of 2005 found an increase in student achievement when principals chose to implement, maintain, and support the 21 responsibilities in their schools. The researcher examined perceptions of teachers in elementary, middle, and high school regarding 21 Responsibilities of a school leader in an urban school district in western Wisconsin. The researcher designed an electronic survey to collect demographic data and gather perceptions of the importance of the 21 Responsibilities of a school leader using a Likert scale and rank order measurements. In addition, a free response section collected additional data. Of the 588 teachers invited to participate, a total of 180 teachers responded resulting in a final response rate of 31.61%. This mixed methods research study utilized descriptive statistics and measures of central tendency for each perception linked to the 21 Responsibilities. The district's most highly valued Responsibility when rated on the Likert scale was Visibility. The district's most highly valued Responsibility on the rank order scale was Communication. The free response results align to the 21 Responsibilities of Communication, Visibility, and Relationships. A recommendation is that principals should be encouraged to become aware of, implement, maintain, and utilize the 21 Responsibilities in their schools to enhance student achievement and teacher satisfaction. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site:
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: Elementary Education; Middle Schools; Secondary Education; Junior High Schools; High Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Wisconsin