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ERIC Number: ED566862
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Jan
Pages: 72
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
Designing Evaluations. 2012 Revision. Applied Research and Methods. GAO-12-208G
US Government Accountability Office
GAO assists congressional decision makers in their deliberations by furnishing them with analytical information on issues and options. Many diverse methodologies are needed to develop sound and timely answers to the questions the Congress asks. To provide GAO evaluators with basic information about the more commonly used methodologies, GAO's policy guidance includes documents such as methodology transfer papers and technical guides. This methodology transfer paper addresses the logic of program evaluation designs. It introduces key issues in planning evaluation studies of federal programs to best meet decision makers' needs while accounting for the constraints evaluators face. It describes different types of evaluations for answering varied questions about program performance, the process of designing evaluation studies, and key issues to consider toward ensuring overall study quality. "Designing Evaluations" is one of a series of papers whose purpose is to provide guides to various aspects of audit and evaluation methodology and indicate where more detailed information is available. It is based on GAO studies and policy documents and program evaluation literature. To ensure the guide's competence and usefulness, drafts were reviewed by selected GAO, federal and state agency evaluators, and evaluation authors and practitioners from professional consulting firms. This paper updates a 1991 version issued by GAO's prior Program Evaluation and Methodology Division. It supersedes that earlier version and incorporates changes in federal program evaluation and performance measurement since the d the Government Performance and Results Act of 1993 (GPRA) was implemented. The following are appended: (1) Evaluation Standards; and (2) GAO Contact and Staff Acknowledgments. A list of other papers in this series is included. [Contributors to this report include Nancy Kingsbury, Stephanie Shipman, Thomas Clarke, Timothy Guinane, Penny Pickett, and Elaine Vaurio.]
US Government Accountability Office. 441 G Street NW, Washington, DC 20548. Tel: 202-512-6000; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: US Government Accountability Office
IES Cited: ED556231