ERIC Number: ED566700
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2016-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 54
Exploring Trilingual Code-Switching: The Case of "Hokaglish"
Gonzales, Wilkinson Daniel Wong
Online Submission, Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southeast Asian Linguistics Society (26th, Manila, Philippines, May 26-28, 2016)
This paper presents findings of an initial study on a trilingual code-switching (CS) phenomenon called "Hokaglish" in Binondo, Manila, The Philippines. Beginning with descriptions of multiculturalism and multilingualism in the Philippines, the discussion eventually leads to the description and survey of the code-switching phenomenon among English, Filipino, and Hokkien. Frequency-based findings reveal that, in Hokaglish, CS from Hokkien to English is the most frequent CS combination among the six possible ones and that it is typically found in religious institutions. The study also revealed more instances of intrasentential CS than intersentential ones particularly in households. Also, word level switches are most common while morphological CS almost do not exist in conversations, as findings indicate. Possible reasons for these results will be discussed.
Descriptors: Multilingualism, Code Switching (Language), Morphology (Languages), Foreign Countries, Cultural Pluralism, English (Second Language), Tagalog, Chinese, Language Variation, Churches, Statistical Analysis, Phrase Structure, Discourse Analysis, Language Research, Family Environment, Educational Environment, Telecommunications, Dining Facilities, Language Usage
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Philippines (Manila)