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ERIC Number: ED566381
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 75
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 52
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0276-8739
"Brown" Fades: The End of Court-Ordered School Desegregation and the Resegregation of American Public Schools
Reardon, Sean F.; Grewal, Elena; Kalogrides, Demetra; Greenberg, Erica
Grantee Submission
In this paper we investigate whether the school desegregation produced by court-ordered desegregation plans persists when school districts are released from court oversight. Over 200 medium-sized and large districts were released from desegregation court orders from 1991 to 2009. We find that racial school segregation in these districts increased gradually following release from court order, relative to the trends in segregation in districts remaining under court order. These increases are more pronounced in the South, in elementary grades, and in districts where pre-release school segregation levels were low. These results suggest that court-ordered desegregation plans are effective in reducing racial school segregation, but that their effects fade over time in the absence of continued court oversight. [This article was published in "Journal of Policy Analysis and Management," v31 n4 p876-904 Fall 2012 (EJ988150).]
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Institute of Education Sciences (ED)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Brown v Board of Education; Missouri v Jenkins
IES Funded: Yes
Grant or Contract Numbers: R305A070377